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The Bible contains numerous references to salt. The Hebrew people harvested salt by pouring sea water into pits and letting the water evaporate until only salt was left. They used the mineral for seasoning and as a preservative. In addition, salt was used to disinfect wounds. King Abijah referred to God’s covenant promise to David that he will not lack a man to seat on Israel’s throne as a Salt covenant – that is a covenant that can never be broken. God to be lacking from your grain offering. With all your offerings you shall offer salt.
In cultures throughout the region, the eating of salt is a sign of friendship. Pillai, from India, testifies that the salt covenant is much more than a covenant of friendship. It is an irrevocable pledge and promise of fidelity. Those who have taken salt together would rather die before they would break their covenant. He further states that the penalty for violating such a covenant is death. Newborn babies were rubbed with salt.