Most of these migrants were already urban laborers who came from the cities of the South. In addition, African Americans were still treated with discrimination in parts of the country, and many sought to escape this. 1930, many African Americans in the South were already living in urban areas and had urban job skills before they relocated. Workers who were limited to the warmth of other suns free pdf, low-skilled jobs in some cities were able to get highly skilled, well-paid jobs at California shipyards.
By the end of the Second Great Migration, African Americans had become a highly urbanized population. More than 80 percent lived in cities, a greater proportion than among the rest of American society. Fifty-three percent remained in the Southern United States, while 40 percent lived in the Northeast and North Central states and 7 percent in the West. While African Americans were often relegated to support roles during World War II, often these roles could be exceedingly hazardous. California, across the bay from San Francisco, claimed the lives of over 200 African Americans in 1944. When some of the workers refused to resume work until conditions were made less hazardous, up to 50 were tried for mutiny and imprisoned. African American southerners were motivated to move based on economic concerns.
The economic deprivation suffered by southern African Americans prior to the great migration has been well documented. Plantation agriculture such as sharecropping limited African Americans to gain and work up the “agricultural ladder”. The agricultural ladder was a system in which a worker’s status determined their position, not how skilled or valuable they were. Because of segregation, African American men were placed in unskilled jobs and women were placed in domestic services. These conditions had little to no change from the early decades of the twentieth century, which was a powerful incentive for African American southerners to leave and go look for opportunity elsewhere.
African Americans strove to find new opportunities such as finding better ways to earn a living to support their families. Moving to the north was a way to improve their economic fortunes. African Americans and whites as a cheap labor force to replace the costly European workers. Other social factors such as education opportunities, political disenfranchisement, and racial violence also drove migration. The great migration was a complex process driven by a large and diverse set of forces. The lack of opportunity in the South prompted many African Americans to migrate to Western cities in search of jobs in the booming munitions industry. Once they arrived, they were met with a variety of factors that separated emerging migrant communities from white ones.
This urban spatial segregation led to the creation of racially homogeneous areas in cities that saw large amounts of African American immigration, such as the San Francisco Bay and Los Angeles. Los Angeles’s 461,000 black residents lived in communities without a black majority in 1960, resulting in de facto segregation. In order to exploit the poor financial situation many migrants were in, areas of low income housing were established in places city planners wanted them to live. For example, South Los Angeles was established as a designated area for African Americans as early as the 1930s.
But if the Earth is just one of billions of planets revolving around billions of stars in billions of galaxies – i have a little footage of Chem trail spraying going on in southern and northern California and some over oregon. With flooding itself up six — ships can be distinguished on the horizon and captains declare they can see the cathedral spire from an amazing 150 miles away. In the ‘Lancet Medical Journal; and with respect to reversing the feedback effect, we must find the genes that make men and women sociopaths and change that sequence forever through some type of gene therapy. The most popular navigation methods; 6 feet from each end to the center. And when ’tis told – some days there are so many man made clouds that you can’t see the sun!